Calvin Ellis Stowe (1802-1886) was an American Biblical scholar who helped spread public education in the United States, and the husband and literary agent of Harriet Beecher Stowe —they married in 1836—, and had seven children.
Calvin taught religion at Bowdoin from 1850 to 1852 and at Andover Theological Seminary from 1852 to 1864. While at Bowdoin, Harriet began writing her soon-to-be-acclaimed novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1854). After the novel became world-known, Calvin wrote his own best-selling book, Origin and History of the Books of the Bible (1867), one of the first books to examine the Bible from an historical perspective. His childhood stories served as the basis for Harriet’s books Oldtown Folks (1869) and Sam Lawson’s Old Fireside Stories (1872).